Archive for: Respiratory Protection

Checking podiatry clinics for bioaerosol exposures

By: February 29th, 2012 Email This Post Print This Post

Yes, there are occupational hazards for caregivers working on feet.

A study done by Irish researchers and appearing in the January 23 issue  Annals of Occupational Hygiene surveyed 250 podiatrist clinics to assess personal exposure knowledge and conducted tests in 15 podiatry clinics for concentrations of airborne bacteria, fungi, yeasts, and molds.

“Workplace Exposure to Bioaerosols in Podiatry Clinics” reports that 32% of care providers surveyed had a respiratory condition. Asthma was the most common condition reported.

Gloves (73.3%) and respiratory protective equipment (34.6%) were the most common personal protective equipment used during patient treatments.

“Refresher health and safety training focusing on health and safety hazards inherent in podiatry work and practical control measures is warranted,” the study concluded.

OSHA adds free online respiratory protection videos

By: February 2nd, 2012 Email This Post Print This Post

OSHA announced its new respiratory protection video web page, January 31.

The OSHA Respiratory Protection Videos web page includes nine short videos that cover key compliance points for the Respiratory Protection Standard, 1910.134. Topics include:

  1. Respiratory Protection in General Industry
  2. Respiratory Protection in Construction
  3. Respirator Types
  4. Respirator Fit Testing
  5. Maintenance and Care of Respirators
  6. Medical Evaluations for Workers Who Use Respirators
  7. Respiratory Protection Training Requirements
  8. Voluntary Use of Respirators
  9. Counterfeit and Altered Respirators: The Importance of NIOSH Certification

The free videos, while not specific to healthcare settings, allow safety officers and trainers to access sections of the  standard that apply to general industry, including healthcare.

Spanish language videos are also available on the same page.

If you don’t need to access only a certain section of the standard for compliance, try the OSHA video that is specific for healthcare workers that the agency posted a year ago. It is 33 minutes in length and does a good a job in covering all the elements of the standard listed above.

TB screening, OSHA, and applicable chapter and verse

By: January 19th, 2012 Email This Post Print This Post

Steve MacArthur, safety consultant for The Greeley Company, is taking on all comers lately, especially  OSHA compliance. And as Father Lonergan from The Quiet Man would say: “What do you expect?”

Last week MacArthur tackled emergency eyewash stations with the seductive headline: “In your eyes – the light, the heat … the chemicals?” This week: The intricacies of TB screening for contract staff and OSHA compliance.

Here is the post, courtesy of Mac’s Safety Space:

From the muddy banks of compliance

Let’s break from form a little bit and start with a question:

How often are you (and by you, I mean your organization) screening contracted staff, including physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, etc.?

A recent TJC survey resulted in a finding under the HR standards because the process was being administered on a biannual cycle. The finding vaguely referenced OSHA guidelines in identifying this deficiency, but the specific regulatory reference point was not provided (though apparently a call to Chicago validated that this was the case). Now, anyone who’s worked with me in real time knows that I have an exhaustive (and, at times, exhausting) curiosity about such matters. The deficiency “concepts” are usually sourced back to a “they;” as in, “they told me I had to do this” “they told me I had to that.” I am always, always, always curious as to who this “they” might be and whether “they” were good enough to provide the applicable chapter and verse. The answer, more often than not, is “no.” Perhaps someday we’ll discuss the whimsical nature of the” Authority Having Jurisdiction” (AHJ) concept, but we’ll save that for another day.

At any rate, I did a little bit of digging around to try and locate a regulatory source on this and in this instance, the source exists; however, the standard is not quite as mandatory as one might first presume (If you’re thinking that this is going to somehow wrap around another risk assessment conversation, you are not far from wrong). So, a wee bit of history:

Back in 1994, the CDC issued their Guidelines for Preventing the Transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Health-Care Facilities, (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/rr/rr5417.pdf) which, among other things, advises a risk-based approach to screening (Appendix C speaks to the screening requirements for all healthcare workers, regardless of who they work for. The guidance would be to include contract folks. The risk level is determined via a risk assessment (Appendix B of the Guidelines is a good start for that). So, for a medium exposure risk environment, CDC recommends annual screening, but for a low exposure risk environment, they recommend screening at time of hire, with no further screening required (unless your exposure risk increases, which should be part of the annual infection control risk assessment).

But, in 1996, OSHA issued a directive that indicates annual screening as the minimum requirement , even for low-risk exposure risks, and even while referencing the CDC guidance: (http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=DIRECTIVES&p_id=1586) with medium risk folks having semi-annual screening and high-risk folks being screened on a quarterly basis. So, friends, how are you managing folks in your environment, particularly the aforementioned contracted staff? Do you own them or is it the responsibility of their contracted employer? Does this stuff give you a headache when you think about it too much? It sure gives me one…occupational hazard, I guess. At any rate, it’s certainly worth checking to see whether a risk assessment for TB exposure has been conducted. The OSHA guidance document clearly indicates that if you haven’t, it’s the responsibility of the surveyor to conduct one for you, and I don’t know that I’d be really keen on having that happen.

I especially liked the they references. Do you encounter the vague but seemingly ominpotent and omniscient they reference? If so, or for other observations, post a comment below.

OSHA posts resource for respirator use in small businesses

By: October 20th, 2011 Email This Post Print This Post

A new publication will help small businesses to better understand respiratory protection regulation, according to an October 17 OSHA announcement.

Small Entity Compliance Guide for Respiratory Protection Standard provides a comprehensive step-by-step guide, complete with checklists and commonly asked questions, that will aid both employers and workers in small businesses, including small healthcare facilities such as medical and dental practices

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Weekly poll: Healthcare workers and the “Contagion” buzz

By: September 19th, 2011 Email This Post Print This Post

“Contagion,” the film about a new virus that sweeps over the world infecting and killing people in just days, has attracted the attention of both moviegoers (number 1 and 2 in box office sales the first two weeks of release) and the CDC and its infectious disease experts, who are the heroes of the film. The CDC’s website devotes a number of pages to responding to “Contagion,” distilling fact from fiction in the film, and even providing Twitter chat opportunities to connect with the type of CDC experts portrayed in the film.

Does the “Contagion” Hollywood buzz help or hinder the role of healthcare workers in responding to a future pandemic threat? Take our OSHA Healthcare Advisor Weekly Poll and let us know.

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Ask the expert: N95s and beards

By: September 15th, 2011 Email This Post Print This Post

Q: Must a worker be clean shaven to wear an N95 respirator?

A: Yes, the OSHA respiratory protection standard, 1910.134, requires workers to be clean shaven when wearing a tight-fitting, face piece–type respirator such as the N95.

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Ask the expert: Who pays when a TB skin test isn’t possible

By: July 21st, 2011 Email This Post Print This Post

Q: What is the responsibility for a company to pay for a chest x-ray in place of a PPD for TB screening? A new hire cannot have a PPD, and  with our low risk level, an x-ray is much more expensive than a skin test.

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Ask the expert: Frequency of TB skin tests

By: July 11th, 2011 Email This Post Print This Post

Q: How often should employees in healthcare settings have a PPD after the baseline when they come into our employment ranks?

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Using duct tape as an isolation precaution tool

By: June 28th, 2011 Email This Post Print This Post

Don’t ever underestimate the utility of duct tape—the stuff that literally holds the word together for the do-it-yourself types.

Now it seems that duct tape—the red color variety—can play a role in maintaining infection control policies, facilitate better communication between care providers and patients, and save nursing staff time.

Here are the details from HCPro’s HealthLeaders Media group, by Cheryl Clark, June 27:

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Survey reports on home health agency response to H1N1 pandemic

By: June 15th, 2011 Email This Post Print This Post

Home health agencies struggled in response to the 2009 H1N1 pandemic, according to an article appearing in the June issue of American Journal of Infection Control (abstract).

Findings from a 23-item pandemic preparedness survey of home health agencies showed that one-third reported difficulty in obtaining supplies during the 2009 H1N1 pandemic, with small agencies experiencing more problems than larger agencies.

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NIOSH report examines flu in dental practices

By: April 5th, 2011 Email This Post Print This Post

NIOSH has released a Health Hazard Evaluation (HHE) report that examined the danger of H1N1 flu transmission in two dental practices—one a general practice, the other a pediatric practice.

During a six-week period, beginning January 2010, NIOSH investigators visited each dental practice four times to collect air and surface samples.

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Outpatient oncology clinic draws OSHA ire

By: April 4th, 2011 Email This Post Print This Post

An outpatient radiation therapy healthcare facility in Columbus, OH, received 14 serious safety citations from OSHA for failing to protect workers from lead-cadmium alloy exposures.

OSHA fined Buckeye Radiation Oncology $58,200 after a December 2010 inspection, according to a March 24 announcement by the agency.

Included in the list of violations  were failures:

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