The July issue of Medical Environment Update  takes a look at the basics for emergency eyewash station OSHA compliance in medical and dental practices.
Here is an excerpt from that article:
The very brief final section of OSHA’s Medical Services and First Aid standard (1910.151[c]) brings into focus the need for emergency eyewash stations in most medical and dental practices:
Where the eyes or body of any person may be exposed to injurious corrosive materials, suitable facilities for quick drenching or flushing of the eyes and body shall be provided within the work area for immediate emergency use.
In medical and dental practices, this usually means exposures involving but not limited to disinfectants or sterilants such as glutaraldehyde, specimen preservatives such as formaldehyde, hazardous drugs such as the antineoplastic drugs used in chemotherapy, or even splashes from blood or OPIM (see the sidebar on p. 3).
Generally, any chemical or drug that calls for a 15-minute flushing of the eyes and mucous membranes according to the first aid and exposure sections of its MSDS would require emergency eyewash facilities.
The problem is that without specifics on what constitutes suitable facilities, medical and dental practices could overcompensate with inappropriate equipment for the hazards present, or ignore the hazards altogether, failing to protect healthcare workers from serious injury.
OSHA is mum on specifics
Both the general Medical Services and First Aid standard and specific hazard regulations such as the Formaldehyde standard, 1910.1048, require eyewash equipment (or showers when appropriate) when exposure to injurious corrosive materials occurs, but the regulations do not specify the minimum operative requirements, explained paul Burnside, technical support specialist, in a May webinar for Lab Safety Supply in Janesville, WI. For specifics on equipment features, installation, and maintenance, facilities should look to the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), specifically “Emergency Eyewash and Shower Equipment,” ANSI/ISEA Z358.1-2009, he adds.
The feature article also includes sections on:
- ANSI/OSHA alphabet soup
- The makings of an ANSI-compliant unit
- Maintenance and training
- What an OSHA eyewash station violation will cost
- Are emergency eyewash stations required for blood exposures to the eyes?
- Eyewash station weekly checklist 
Also appearing in July issue of Medical Environment Update :
- Vital stats data for better safety compliance—Weather-related emergency action plans and evacuations 
- Notes from the field You don’t have an emergency action plan? 
- Assisted living facility fined $72K
- Self-inspection tornado emergency action checklist
- New guidelines for reprocessing endoscopes 
- Ask the expert Q&As on what really constitutes regulated medical waste; what regulations require the wearing of lab coats in laboratories; whether it is helpful to squeeze or express blood from the a needlestick wound .
- OSHA manual updates on new guidelines for infection prevention and needlestick first aid
- A true/false quiz designed to test your understanding of OSHA standards and government regulatory guidelines that apply to healthcare facilities. (Download from the Tools page. )
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