A report published in the July issue of Gastronenterology sheds some light on an outbreak of hepatitis B and C in New York City in 2006.
The report linked six cases of hepatitis B and six more cases of hepatitis C to one outpatient endoscopy center, along with an additional case of hepatitis C at a separate clinic, to one healthcare worker — a contract anesthesiologist who practiced at both facilities.
The report found the anesthesiologist had reused single-dose vials on multiple patients, which is strictly forbidden according to CDC guidelines.
“All affected patients in both clinics received propofol from anesthesiologist 1, who inappropriately used a single-patient-use vial of propofol for multiple patients,” the authors wrote. “Reuse of syringes to redose patients, with resulting contamination of medication vials used for subsequent patients, likely resulted in viral transmission.”
The authors advise physicians to educate all staff members, including anesthesiologists, on safe injection practices and the use of single-dose vials, and supervise procedures to ensure best-practices are being followed.
July 14 issue of Joint Commission Online  says surveyors will observe injection practices to ensure proper procedures. All accredited facilities are required to follow guidelines for infection prevention according to IC.01.05.01, EP 1.
For educational material, the “One and Only Campaign” recently released a ten-minute video  to educate healthcare workers on safe injection practices. This week the video was featured as the Immunization Action Coalition’s (IAC) video of the week. You can also read an archive of posts on safe injection practices by clicking here .