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NPSF releases root cause analysis guidelines

The National Patient Safety Foundation (NPSF) released new guidelines developed to help healthcare organizations use root cause analysis (RCA) to learn how medical errors, adverse events, and near misses occur.

The report, RCA2: Improving Root Cause Analyses and Actions to Prevent Harm was written by a panel of experts that examined best practices around RCAs and develop guidelines to help health professionals standardize the process.

“We’ve renamed the process RCA2 – RCA squared – with the second A meaning action, because unless real actions are taken to improve things, the RCA effort is essentially a waste of everyone’s time,” said James P. Bagian, MD, PE, member of the NPSF Board of Governors and co-chair of the expert panel. “A big goal of this project is to help RCA teams learn to identify and implement sustainable, systems-based actions to improve the safety of care.”

Although RCA is typically conducted after the harm occurs, the guidelines call for organizations to prioritize hazards based on potential risk before the risk occurs.

Bagian, and panel co-chair Doug Bonacum, CSP, CPPS, will discuss the NPSF report in a free webcast on July 15 (Register for the webcast here.).

Read the full NPSF report here.

Joint Commission seeks comments on proposed requirements

The Joint Commission is looking for feedback on several updated requirements, including a new, advanced certification program that addresses integration and coordination of patient care in a Comprehensive Cardiac Center. The program is not required and is only applicable to accredited facilities.

To read more about the program and leave your comments by July 16, 2015, click here.

Additionally, The Joint Commission is looking for comments on new and revised diagnostic imaging requirements. The updates include changing the minimum qualifications for technologists who perform CT exams.

To read more about the updates as well as how to leave comments by June 25, 2015, click here.

Accreditation Q & A

From time to time, we’ll post a question and answer that will help you as you prepare for your next survey.

Question

Each hospital is required to have a formal process to evaluate whether a drug should be added to the formulary. This process should include specific criteria for evaluating each drug. What criteria are utilized in your institution?

Answer

Each institution may have a slightly different list. Make sure you have criteria and that it includes at least the following criteria that The Joint Commission recommends be included:

  • Indications for use
  • Effectiveness
  • Interactions with other drugs
  • Potential for error in its use or for abuse of the medication
  • Known adverse drug reactions
  • Any sentinel event information or sentinel event alert information
  • Cost

Do you have a question you would like us to answer? Send an email to me at mclarke@hcpro.com and we’ll do our best to answer your question.

Editor’s Note: The above question and answer are from j-Mail 2016 Edition: Tools for Ongoing Joint Commission Survey Prep.

Sound the alarm…no, wait, silence the alarm…no, wait–what?!?

Editor’s note: My colleague Steve MacArthur, an expert on accreditation standards related to hospital safety, emergency management, and life safety, recently wrote an article about alarms and I wanted to share it with you as I know it is an area many are concerned about.

Now that we have almost reached the summer solstice, I guess it’s time to start thinking/talking about 2016 and what it might bring from an accreditation perspective—it will be here almost before we know it (time flies when you’re having fun—and we’re having too much fun, are we not?)

One of the developments that I am watching with a bit of interest (if only because it is not at all clear how this is going to be administered in the field) is the next step in the clinical alarm National Patient Safety Goal (for those of you keeping score, that NPSG.06.01.01 if you need to find it in your accreditation manual—and I’m sure you’re sleeping with that under your pillow…). Presumably at this point, you have covered the elements that are in full surveyability—establishment of alarm system safety as an organizational priority (pretty simple, that one) and identification of the most important alarm signals based on:

  • input from medical staff and clinical departments (Have you got documentation for that?)
  • risk to patients if the alarm signal is not attended or if it malfunctions
  • whether specific alarm signals are needed or unnecessarily contribute to alarm noise and alarm fatigue
  • potential for patient harm based on internal incident history
  • published best practices and guidelines (Can you say AAMI and ECRI? Sure you can!)

Everyone out there in radioland should have this much of the package in place. Now, it’s time to do something with that process.

Continue reading this post at Mac’s Safety Space.

Joint Commission issues changes to breast milk measures

The Joint Commission is issuing changes that affect perinatal care (PC) measures PC-05a and PC-05. Both measures relate to breastfeeding.

The Joint Commission is retiring the measure PC-05a, which covers breastfeeding exclusively per the mother’s initial plan. Obtaining accurate information on the mother’s wish to not nurse exclusively has been difficult to capture. Retiring this measure will allow hospitals to improving rates for PC-05, breastfeeding exclusively.

PC-05 has been revised to now include maternal medical conditions, similar to PC-02 related to caesarean birth with no excluded conditions. PC-05 will still be an accountability measure, but, The Joint Commission understands that compliance for this measure will fall below 100% as some mothers do not want to or are unable to breastfeed exclusively.

These changes go into effect October 1.

Read the Joint Commission article here for more information.

 

Joint Commission details how to comply with fire safety requirements

The Joint Commission last week, posted tips for complying with elements of performance (EP) 11-13 of EC.02.03.05, which require hospitals to properly maintain fire extinguishing equipment. The standards ranked sixth on the accreditor’s list of top-cited standards in 2014 with 48% of hospitals cited.

The Joint Commission article includes step-by-step instruction on how to comply with the three Eps. EP 11 requires testing of fire pumps in automatic sprinklers every 12 months, EP 12 calls for water-flow tests to be conducted every five years for standpipe systems, and EP 13 days that organizations must inspect any fire-extinguishing systems every six months.

Read the Joint Commission post for more information.

National Time Out Day

Today, June 10th, is National Time Out Day. Started in 2004 by the Association of periOperative Registered Nurses (AORN), as an exercise to encourage surgical nurses to take a “time out” before surgical procedures and ensure safe practices were in place, such as identifying the correct patient, procedure, and surgical site before the surgical procedure began.

The emphasis this year is to encourage nurses and the rest of the healthcare time to analyze how their time outs affect patients at all times.

Visit the AORN website for more information.

Does your team take a “time out” before beginning a procedure either invasive or non-invasive? Do you find yourself taking a “time out” throughout your day to ensure you’re following correct safety procedures?

Drop me a note at mclarke@hcpro.com and I’ll share your responses with our readers.

Editor’s Choice: The Joint Commission’s New Patient Safety Chapter: How to Comply and Promote a Culture of Safety

Wednesday, June 10, 2015

1:00pm-2:30pm EST

Presented by Sena Blickenstaff, BSN, MBA

Prepare for the new Patient Safety Systems chapter and redesigned Sentinel Events chapters with the practical advice and guidance presented in this 90-minute webcast. Accreditation and patient safety professionals will learn how The Joint Commission’s renewed focus on patient safety and quality will affect their organizations. The chapters went into effect on January 1, 2015 and surveyors will expect hospital leadership and staff to be able to explain how their facility is committed to patient safety and quality improvement.

Register for the webcast here.

Joint Commission joins White House to reduce antibiotic overuse

The Joint Commission announced Monday that it was joining the White House effort to reduce antibiotic overuse.

More than 150 healthcare organizations, food companies, and animal health organizations met at the White House Forum on Antibiotic Stewardship on Monday and pledged to incorporate changes over the next five years to slow the growth of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, preserve the effectiveness of antibiotics, and prevent the spread of resistant infections.

The CDC estimates at least two million illnesses and 23,000 deaths in the United States each year are caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria and 20 to 50% of all antibiotics prescribed in acute care hospitals are either unnecessary or inappropriate.

For its part, The Joint Commission will begin reviewing current standards and work with accredited organizations to determine where new standards may be needed. The Joint Commission plans to simultaneously develop new standards as quickly as possible and provide new tools to help providers use antibiotics appropriately.

The Joint Commission currently has 16 standards and one National Patient Safety Goal related to antimicrobial stewardship.

Read the full release here.

C.diff infections linked to medical clinics

A February 25 report from the CDC suggests that the prevalence of Clostridium difficile, or C. diff, a bacterial infection of the gastrointestinal system primarily found in hospitals, is much higher than once thought, affecting up to half a million people annually.

Perhaps even more disturbing is the study’s revelation that up to 150,000 people who had not previously been in the hospital came down with C. diff in 2011. Of those, about 80% had visited a doctor’s or dentist’s office in the 12 weeks before their diagnosis. CDC officials say the revelation is so concerning that they’re starting a series of “case control studies” to try to assess nationally whether people are getting C. diff in medical offices.

If you’re a safety professional or someone in charge of infection control at a medical clinic, by now you’re asking yourself what you can do to help reduce the risk of an outbreak of C. diff. Our safety experts have shared a list of things you can do to prepare.

Read the full article on the OSHA Healthcare Advisor site.