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Joint Commission: How to improve patient depression screening and treatment

A new study published in The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety [1] showcases four ways to improve screening and treatment of patients for depression. Depression is the leading cause of disability and 16.2 million Americans experienced a major depressive episode in 2016.  The condition often goes untreated in certain demographics such as minorities, refugees, and immigrants.

The study, “Not Missing the Opportunity: Improving Depression Screening and Follow-Up in a Multicultural Community [2],” was conducted by Ann M. Schaeffer, DNP, CNM, and Diana Jolles, PhD, CNM, at the Harrisonburg Community Health Center (HCHC) in Virginia. Their goal was to improve their Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) method for identifying and treating depression.

Evidence-based guidelines recommend facilities screen for depression diagnosis, treatment and follow-up. However, they explain that only seven states report depression screening and follow-up data and the condition is the fourth least-reported measure on the Medicaid Adult Core Set.

“The project demonstrated the feasibility of using rapid-cycle improvement to improve depression screening and follow-up within a multicultural community health center,” the authors noted. “This project also brought attention to a chronic condition with long-standing implications for individual and community health that too often go unidentified and therefore unaddressed.”

The study looked at the impact of four core interventions:

By the end of the study:

Improving depression care can also be useful in suicide prevention—a major goal of The Joint Commission this year.